Utilitarianism, responsibility, and punishment with special reference to R. B. Brandt"s defence of utilitarianism by Ingrid Petersson

Cover of: Utilitarianism, responsibility, and punishment | Ingrid Petersson

Published by Tryckbaren in Lund, Sweden .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Brandt, Richard B.,
  • Utilitarianism.,
  • Responsibility.,
  • Punishment.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 205-207.

Book details

Statementby Ingrid Petersson.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsB843 .P47
The Physical Object
Paginationii, 215 p. ;
Number of Pages215
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4601816M
LC Control Number77364815

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Utilitarianism, responsibility, and punishment: with special reference to R. Brandt's defence of utilitarianism Unknown Binding – by : Ingrid. Petersson. responsibility Utilitarianism, responsibility, and punishment. Lund, Sweden: Tryckbaren, (OCoLC) Online version: Petersson, Ingrid.

Utilitarianism, responsibility, and punishment. Lund, Sweden: Tryckbaren, (OCoLC) Named Person: Richard B Brandt; Richard B Brandt; Richard B Brandt: Document Type: Book.

Smilansky, Saul, ‘Utilitarianism and the “Punishment” of the Innocent: The General Problem’, Analysis, 1(), –61, where utilitarianism is reduced to a Cited by: 8. The aim of the philosophy of punishment is to understand the reason behind administration of punishment and the procedure used in determining the suitable punishment.

Punishment refers to authoritative deprivation of people’s freedoms and rights or inflicting pain to an individual or group of people because of engaging in Utilitarianism against.

Two Theories Of Utilitarian And Retributive Punishment Words | 7 Pages. The concept of punishment exists in many different forms, each with conflicting views on how to best approach an offence committed by individuals.

Two theories stand at the forefront of punishment being that of the Utilitarian, and Retributive theories. In book: From Personality to Virtue (pp) and utilitarianism best justifies punishment based upon social order concerns. Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the.

An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video An illustration of an audio speaker. The vulgur notion of responsibility / F.H. bradley -- An organic unity / G.E. Moore -- Persons and punishment / Herbert Morris -- A non-utilitarian approach to punishment / H.J.

McCloskey -- Whether vengeance is. Utilitarian theorists are “forward looking” as opposed to retribution theorists, discussed below. The goal of utilitarian theorists is to prevent a crime from happening again.

In a general sense this responsibility that the punishment for a certain crime needs to be greater than the possible reward for committing the crime. Utilitarian vs. Retributive Punishment: Differences They differ because utilitarianism aims to deter future crime no matter what the circumstances surrounding the and punishment book crimeIn contrast retributive justice aims for justice by considering and punishment book people involvedThe goal of Utilitarianism is to create the ultimate happiness and.

Utilitarianism, Responsibility, and Punishment: With Special Reference to R. Brandt's Defence of Utilitarianism. Ingrid Petersson - - Tryckbaren. Utilitarianism is the belief system in which an action is considered ethically acceptable if that action benefits a large number of people.

The novel Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky Utilitarianism mid-nineteenth century utilitarianism as a motivation of characters’ actions, while demonstrating his own perspective on the philosophy. Dostoyevsky is able to reveal the true selfish and unselfish nature of.

Abstract. This classic collection of essays, first published inhas had an enduring impact on academic and public debates about criminal responsibility and criminal punishment.

Forty years on, its arguments are as powerful as ever. Hart offers an alternative to retributive thinking about criminal punishment that nevertheless preserves the central distinction between guilt and innocence. He argues that the most appropriate way to react to crime is to require the offender to make proportionate amends.

His book is a rich and intriguing contribution to the debate over punishment. Editorial team. General Editors: David Bourget (Western Ontario) David Chalmers (ANU, NYU) Area Editors: David Bourget Gwen Bradford. A Utilitarian would say that if punishment was not from the heart and rather in order to inflict some sort of revenge or retribution, it is not morally permissible.

In this case the greatest amount of good is not being dome and punishment would be considered not appropriate in order to punish children. First published inJeremy Bentham's best-known work remains a classic of modern philosophy and jurisprudence.

Its definitions of the foundations of utilitarian philosophy and its. Utilitarian theories are forward-looking. The justification for the practice of legal punishment is found in its supposed beneficial effects (utility) for the future.

This utility outweighs the suffering inflicted on offenders by the act of punishment. Utilitarian theories are, therefore, often called consequentialist or instrumentalist theories. The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Punishment is the first major reference work to address these and other important questions in detail, offering 31 chapters from an international and interdisciplinary team of experts in a single, comprehensive volume.

It covers the major theoretical approaches to punishment and its. Utilitarianism, responsibility, and punishment: with special reference to R.B. Brandt's defence of utilitarianism by Ingrid Petersson (Book) John Dewey and Richard Brandt: a study in the justification of ethical principles by Robert M Baird ().

Richard Brandt. Richard Brandt: Rule Utilitarianism Chapter two in our book Philosophical Perspectives on Punishment covers different philosopher’s views on Rule Utilitarianism and how it is applied to misconduct and unlawful acts.

The Cederblom and Blizek book (C-B) is entirely the proceedings of a symposium on criminal justice and punishment sponsored by the Philosophy. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill's book Utilitarianism is a classic exposition and defense of utilitarianism in ethics.

The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser's Magazine in ; the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in /5(). Crime and Punishment, novel by Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky, first published in Centering on the poor former student Raskolnikov, whose theory that humanitarian ends justify evil means leads him to murder, the story is one of the finest studies of the psychopathology of.

Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if it.

John Stuart Mill had many years to absorb and reflect on Jeremy Bentham's thoughts on utilitarianism by the time he published his own work, Utilitarianism, in The key passage from this book.

Punishment should be administered purposely because the people in question have committed crimes and not for any other reason; and the punishment should be proportionate to the crimes committed. It should be mentioned that the principle of utilitarianism. Plato, Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul (from the Phaedo) Bertrand Russell, The Illusion of Immortality John Hick, In Defense of Life after Death V.

FREEDOM OF THE WILL, RESPONSIBILITY, AND PUNISHMENT A. Free Will and Determinism Baron Paul Henri d'Holbach, A Defense of Determinism Richard Taylor, Libertarianism: Defense of Free Will W. History of utilitarianism []. Utilitarianism was founded by Jeremy Bentham and further developed by his disciple, John Stuart m was most interested in the ramifications that a utilitarian ethics would have for the law, and he developed a precise system for correlating a crime's detrimental effect on utility to the severity of its punishment.

Utilitarianism and the Enlightenment. The science of the Enlightenment featured theories with a very small number of general laws and vast explanatory power. Newton’s laws, for example, seemed able to account for all of the motion in the universe. Utilitarianism fit right in: it was an ethical theory compatible with science and featuring a.

This classic collection of essays, first published inhas had an enduring impact on academic and public debates about criminal responsibility and criminal punishment. Forty years on, its arguments are as powerful as ever. H.L.A. Hart offers an alternative to retributive thinking about criminal punishment that nevertheless preserves the central distinction between guilt and s: 1.

QUIETING THE CONTROVERSY: A RULE UTILITARIAN SOLUTION TO THE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT DILEMMA: Journal: San Diego Justice Journal Volume:1 Issue:2 Dated:(Summer ) Pages Author(s): D W Frasher: Date Published: Annotation: The author, using the moral theory of rule utilitarianism, attempts to settle the debate on capital punishment.

Abstract. ethics and applied philosophy latest uploaded books you can search book title name or isbn in the search box responsibility and punishment library of ethics and applied philosophy responsibility and punishment library of ethics and applied philosophy Posted.

responsibility and punishment library of ethics and applied philosophy Posted By Kyotaro NishimuraMedia Publishing TEXT ID b94ef Online PDF Ebook Epub Library a diversity of values and tendencies its aim is to help professionals on a rational or irrational level in france the ethical code that has been developed covers a large rang of.

HARE'S PREFERENCE UTILITARIANISM - AN OVERVIEW. Richard Hare is one of most foremost contemporary defenders of utilitarianism today. He is committed to the principle of utility - to the act which does more good, gives greater benefit, or which satisfies more preferences (desires), or the stronger of two or more preferences we can classify him as a "preference utilitarian".

If Buddhists really hold consequentialism and hard determinism, we would expect them to endorse utilitarian views of punishment and reject retributivism. We find this kind of view on the justification of punishment in Nagarjuna’s Precious Garland.

Nagarjuna sees punishment as sometimes necessary, thereby rejecting a pacifist form of unqualified nonviolence. Utilitarianism in Crime and Punishment Raskolnikov's mathematical evaluation of the moral dilemma presented to him in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment exemplifies the empirical view of utilitarianism.

Utilitarianism attempts to distinguish between right and wrong by measuring a decision based on its calculated worth. Raskolnikov appears to. Accepting utilitarianism as the general justifying aim of punishment, we may still appeal to non-utilitarian theories to restrain its application.

Hart's proposed synthesis of a utilitarian goal for punishment with a retributive principle of sentencing has had considerable influence on both penal theory and practice, particularly in Canada.

Cesare Beccaria and Utilitarianism Cesare Bonesana, Marchese Beccaria is credited as the author of an essay that forever changed the criminal justice system. Although not a criminologist, Cesare Beccaria first anonymously published Dei delitti e delle pene (On Crimes and Punishment) in July of and again, this time with him as the author, shortly after.

His essay was widely distributed and. Of the people I've listed, Beccaria and Bentham are straightforwardly utilitarian. Plato and Aquinas adopt mixed theories of punishment, with an emphasis on moral education, but taking into account a variety of considerations. Locke has another mixed-utilitarian view of punishment based on.

SMU LAW REVIEW committed offenses, 16 the significance of mens rea,17 and the recognition of excuses 18 all have a role to play in a theory whose overall purpose is utilitarian. The bulk of Hart's writing on criminal law is devoted to dis-cussion of these three points, and I.

Punishment. Utilitarianism and punishment. On utilitarianism, punishment is justified only insofar as it promotes the general happiness.

The following are potential utilitarian reasons to punish: To prevent offenders from doing further harm Deterrence (to prevent recidivism and discourage other potential offenders).1) That it define punishment 2) That it respects the distinction between the justification of the institution of punishment and the justification of particular ways of punishing offenders 3) That it concern itself with matters of corrective justice 4) That it set forth the conditions under which a person qualifies as a punishable agent.Utilitarianism.

In Jurisprudence, a philosophy whose adherents believe that law must be made to conform to its most socially useful purpose. Although utilitarians differ as to the meaning of the word useful, most agree that a law's utility may be defined as its ability to increase happiness, wealth, or sely, some utilitarians measure a law's usefulness by its ability to decrease.

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